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What are the connections among fuel poverty, time poverty, and gender equity?

In 2020 about 2.3 billion people lacked access to safe, affordable, and clean sources of energy for cooking. In this article, I focus on one aspect of this problem: the gendered distribution of the costs associated with the collection and use of polluting fuels. The collection, preparation, and use of firewood, crop residues, and animal dung sum to an arduous,

Where in Europe do people struggle to stay warm?

Energy insecurity manifests itself in many dimensions. One of the most harmful forms is the inability to maintain the desired temperature of a household. The term thermal comfort describes a person’s state of mind in terms of whether they feel too hot or too cold.1 Whether at home or at work, thermal comfort is an important ingredient in human health and

What is the relationship between energy use and level of education?

It is difficult to overstate the importance of education to human well-being. Education is central to meaningful work, higher incomes, good health, a productive economy, more equitable life opportunities, and a vibrant civil society.The World Bank has more than 30 indicators related to education, and the United Nations System Development Goal #4 strives to “ensure inclusive and equitable quality education

What is the relationship between energy use and access to safe water?

In 2010 the United Nations General Assembly canonized the human right to water and sanitation through a resolution recognizing “the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation as a human right that is essential for the full enjoyment of life and all human rights.”1 That declaration stems from the simple fact that safe drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene

Where are people dying due to indoor air pollution from cooking fuels?

Between 2.3 and 3.2 million people die each year due to illnesses caused by the inhalation of indoor air pollution.1 The principal source of that pollution is the combustion of solid fuels (wood, crop waste, charcoal, coal, and dung) and kerosene in open fires and inefficient stoves. Exposure to particulate matter and other pollutants impairs the functions of the lungs, heart,

How do people in Nigeria and Ghana experience energy insecurity?

Energy insecurity affects hundreds of millions of people around the world. People in rich and poor nations share some similar experiences caused by the lack of access to affordable, clean energy and efficient cooking and lighting devices. These include the financial challenge of paying for energy, health impacts, and social stigmatization. In other articles I explored thermal comfort, government assistance,

Does greater energy use reduce undernourishment?

A dramatic, overall improvement in food security is one of the great success stories in human history.  Especially since the Green Revolution of the mid-twentieth century, both the quantity and quality of calories supplied improved people’s day-to-day health, lengthened life spans, and boosted nearly every other aspect of well-being. Yet 1 in 11 people in the world in 2020 were

Can global poverty be eliminated with more energy use?

Throughout much of human history, poverty was often defined as inadequate income to buy a minimum amount of goods and services. For example, the World Bank defines the extreme poverty line as earning less than $2.15 per person per day.1 But poverty is also understood more broadly as insufficient basic capabilities to live in dignity. As stated by the United Nations Committee

What are the connections among fuel poverty, time poverty, and gender equity?

In 2020 about 2.3 billion people lacked access to safe, affordable, and clean sources of energy for cooking. In this article, I focus on one aspect of this problem: the gendered distribution of the costs associated with the collection and use of polluting fuels. The collection, preparation, and use of firewood, crop residues, and animal dung sum to an arduous,

Where in Europe do people struggle to stay warm?

Energy insecurity manifests itself in many dimensions. One of the most harmful forms is the inability to maintain the desired temperature of a household. The term thermal comfort describes a person’s state of mind in terms of whether they feel too hot or too cold.1 Whether at home or at work, thermal comfort is an important ingredient in human health and

What is the relationship between energy use and level of education?

It is difficult to overstate the importance of education to human well-being. Education is central to meaningful work, higher incomes, good health, a productive economy, more equitable life opportunities, and a vibrant civil society.The World Bank has more than 30 indicators related to education, and the United Nations System Development Goal #4 strives to “ensure inclusive and equitable quality education

What is the relationship between energy use and access to safe water?

In 2010 the United Nations General Assembly canonized the human right to water and sanitation through a resolution recognizing “the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation as a human right that is essential for the full enjoyment of life and all human rights.”1 That declaration stems from the simple fact that safe drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene

Where are people dying due to indoor air pollution from cooking fuels?

Between 2.3 and 3.2 million people die each year due to illnesses caused by the inhalation of indoor air pollution.1 The principal source of that pollution is the combustion of solid fuels (wood, crop waste, charcoal, coal, and dung) and kerosene in open fires and inefficient stoves. Exposure to particulate matter and other pollutants impairs the functions of the lungs, heart,

How do people in Nigeria and Ghana experience energy insecurity?

Energy insecurity affects hundreds of millions of people around the world. People in rich and poor nations share some similar experiences caused by the lack of access to affordable, clean energy and efficient cooking and lighting devices. These include the financial challenge of paying for energy, health impacts, and social stigmatization. In other articles I explored thermal comfort, government assistance,

Does greater energy use reduce undernourishment?

A dramatic, overall improvement in food security is one of the great success stories in human history.  Especially since the Green Revolution of the mid-twentieth century, both the quantity and quality of calories supplied improved people’s day-to-day health, lengthened life spans, and boosted nearly every other aspect of well-being. Yet 1 in 11 people in the world in 2020 were

Can global poverty be eliminated with more energy use?

Throughout much of human history, poverty was often defined as inadequate income to buy a minimum amount of goods and services. For example, the World Bank defines the extreme poverty line as earning less than $2.15 per person per day.1 But poverty is also understood more broadly as insufficient basic capabilities to live in dignity. As stated by the United Nations Committee

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